Efisiensi Energi Berkelanjutan: Strategi Desain dan Perhitungan Optimalisasi Efisiensi Energi pada Selubung Bangunan

Authors
  • Aulia Muflih Nasution Universitas Medan Area http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4573-1064
  • Saufa Yardha Moerni Universitas Medan Area http://orcid.org/0009-0007-4907-9206
  • Yunita Syafitri Rambe Universitas Medan Area http://orcid.org/0009-0006-9637-8500
  • Keywords:
    energy efficiency, optimization, building facade, design strategy, architecture

    Abstract

    Global warming is an increase in the temperature of the Earth's surface over the last few decades. Building energy consumption is the number two contributor to global warming. About 5-13% of the energy consumed during construction and the remaining 87-95% occur during the lifetime of a building, mainly for heating, cooling, and lighting purposes. This requires the selection of building materials that are certified green or environmentally friendly to help reduce energy consumption. The aim of this study is to evaluate the energy efficiency of a variety of designs of the building cover best in the glass protector as a building wall material. The research method uses comparative research that involves comparing energy efficiency between 4 different designs and materials with the calculation of OTTV on the facade of the building. Overal Thermal Transfer Value (OTTV) is a design parameter used to measure the level of energy efficiency of a building in reducing the heat from sunlight entering through walls and roofs. The results of the study showed massive walls with a 0.8 m high parapet and 1.2 m sharpening (Aluminum 4 mm with semi-flash white paint + 30 mm airspace + 150 mm precast concrete), along with window walls using the Stopray Vision 52 T (8 mm (#2) +12 mm Anti-Shatter+6 mm Clear Glass) and horizontal shading as high as 0.4 m, as well as openings with a configuration of 8 mm (No2) + 12 mm anti-shatter + 6 mm Clear glass, showing that the Overall Thermal Transfer Value (OTTV) reached its peak with a 29% decrease from the standard value. It states the combination of these elements provides optimal thermal performance, minimizing overall heat transfer.

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    Published
    2024-01-29
    How to Cite
    Nasution, A., Moerni, S. Y., & Rambe, Y. S. (2024). Efisiensi Energi Berkelanjutan: Strategi Desain dan Perhitungan Optimalisasi Efisiensi Energi pada Selubung Bangunan. MARKA (Media Arsitektur Dan Kota) : Jurnal Ilmiah Penelitian, 7(2), 167-182. https://doi.org/10.33510/marka.2024.7.2.167-182
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